In phenotype type the Hispano-Árabe falls in the middle of the two phenotypes types of Pure Spanish Horse.

    It's conception as a breed in Andalusia dates to the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsular with the earliest records of selective breeding for Hispano-Árabes dating back to 1778. The continued selection for the Hispano-Árabe arising from it's popularity as an excellent stock horse, proving both highly trainable, courageous and work hardy as well as a comfortable ride for long hours working the famous bull ranches of Spain.

    A resurgence of interest occurred in the 1880's when European Arabians were imported as a part of a general equine improvement programme, resulting in some breeders being so impressed with the versatility of the Hispano-Árabe that they continued to specifically breed them, long after the Andalusian improvement programme finished.

    At an official level no particular heed was paid to the development of these horses, they were crossbreeds and as such were registered as "Cruzados". Hispano-Árabe was crossed to Hispano-Árabe or to Andalusian or to Arab with the work demands as a stock horse dictating the breeding selection process. Steadily a horse was developing which exhibited it's own particular pre-potence and breed type.

    Mares are selected for their temperament and nurturing instinct. The stallions on the other hand have always had to prove their suitability for breeding by their performance in whatever sphere of work they are put to. Understandably this has led to a 'natural selection' of physical characteristics and obviously the associated genetics.

    Selection along these lines creates a gene poole that is fixed, the horses will always breed true to type, they are pre-potent. This is the principle that dictates that a type of horse is
    a specific 'breed'.

    The Hispano-Árabe was bred and used in the fields herding and working the bulls and for the bullring. The physical characteristics that have proved themselves in performing the Doma Vaquera skills to handle the famous black bulls and the High School fighting manoeuvres integral to this sport; are those identified as the Iberian Factor. The Hispano-Árabe in appearance is like the old classical Andalusian, unmistakably Iberian but with the edge that these horses inherited from the Arabian of added speed and dash.

    Although in the past registered as partbred/cruzados the papers always specified the breeding so there was no mistaking the horse as anything but a Hispano-Árabe. These horses were highly prized for their versatility, indeed they were so popular that for many years horse breeders such as Alvaro Domecq; a strong advocate for the Hispano-Árabe, lobbied to have this successful breed accepted into a special section of the Spanish State Stud Book.


    first UK imported Hispano-Árabe; in 1984, at the time Spain was formalising the breed and establishing the State Stud Book for Hispano-Árabes.

    Foundation lines with no traceable Arabian blood, bred for performance as a versatile Hispano-Árabe from working horses

    In 1986 the Hispano-Árabe officially was given its own Stud Book and full recognition as a breed in its own right requiring protection and a breed regeneration/improvement plan, due to its dwindling numbers . Existing Hispano-Árabes were submitted for grading and entry into the Foundation Stud Book. Hispano-Árabes from that point on would either be the offspring of foundation horses or the result of first generation crossings of Arab and Pure Spanish Horses and subsequent blending of the two.

    Ansarito CD 50%
    4yr old Hispano-Árabe
    2010 Champion of Champions

    Ansarito is descended from Wan Dyck
    through his paternal grandsire Vatoli (PRá)
    being the most recent introduction of Arab
    bloodlines as the rest of his breeding is
    from established Hispano-Árabes

    The Hispano-Árabe is pre-potent in its own right. They will continue to breed true to type for several generations and not show a phenotype diversification of its progeny. The pre-potence of the Hispano-Árabe applies to its matings with other breeds of horse, the partbred stock should be physically (and mentally) well balanced...
    ......not Heinz Specials !!

    To breed first generation Pura Raza Hispano-Árabe (PRHá) the old strongly Iberian type Spanish Horses exhibiting the well muscled classical build should be used with Arabs of similar physical type (see the Spanish Arab).

    To quote Sylvia Loch and many wise horse breeders ...
    "The important rule of cross-breeding is that sound pure-breds with well defined physical characteristics are used on both sides, the splendid Domecq Hispano-Árabes which have become famous throughout Spain clearly show more than a fair share of the
    Iberian Factor."

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